Medication Therapy Management, MTM

 

WHAT IS MEDICATION THERAPY MANAGEMENT (MTM) ?

Medication Therapy Management (MTM) encompasses a broad range of health care services provided by pharmacists.  The pharmacy profession defines MTM as a distinct service or group of services that optimizes therapeutic outcomes for individual patients. Medication Therapy Management (MTM) is a patient  centered process of care that includes assessment and evaluation of the patient and his or her complete medication therapy regimen rather than focusing on an individual medication product.   MTM services can be performed face to face or over the phone.  interactions in person help establish the pharmacist-patient relationship while also allowing the pharmacist to visually asses the patient for sings and symptoms of possible medication related problems such as confusion, lethargy,  bruising,  muscle spasms and tremors.   During the assessment, the pharmacist may also conduct physical assessments, vital sign measurement, as well as testing blood sugar.

 

The History of Medication Therapy Management (MTM).

Pharmacist have provided individual patient care services in numerous setting for  decades.  In the 1990’s, these services were often referred to as pharmaceutical care.  The term Medication Therapy Management has been in wide use for almost twenty years since the Medication Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MNA)  put MTM on the health care map as part of the Medicare Part D befits.  And owing to this, MTM services have expanded and are projected to continue to expand.

The U.S. health care system has incurred annual costs more than 200 billion dollars due to inappropriate use of medication.  These costs include approximately 10 million avoidable hospital admissions, 78 million outpatient treatment, 246 million prescriptions and 4 million emergency department visits that contribute 8 percent of total annual health care expense.  For these reasons , it is important to know how important it is for a patient and their health care professional to evaluate the benefits and risks of each medication.

 

Why Sign Up For Medication Therapy Management (MTM)? 

Millions of patients take medication every day and not every patient actually knows the side effects, dosage, or even the reason for each specific medication.  Not knowing these answers can lead to misuse of medications and ultimately increased risk of hospitalizations.  MTM is a service that focuses on answering these questions for patients and also provides the opportunity for a pharmacist to review the patient’s entire profile to ensure that each patient is receiving proper therapy according to the continually changing guidelines.  Mismanagement of medications can be dangerous and costly to the patient as well as the healthcare system.  Through MTM, patients have the opportunity to have any medication related questions answers as well as have assurance that their specific medication regimen has been thoroughly evaluated by a medication expert.